Climate Change & Its Consequences
Mali faces numerous environmental challenges, including desertification, deforestation, soil erosion, drought, and inadequate supplies of potable water. Deforestation is an especially serious and growing problem. According to the Ministry of the Environment, Mali’s population consumes 6 million tons of wood per year for timber and fuel. To meet this demand, 400,000 hectares of tree cover are lost annually, virtually ensuring destruction of the country’s savanna woodlands.
Trees with economical value, such as shea, baobab, locust-bean tree are spared from cutting and coexist with common crops such as sorghum, maize, millet. Volunteers on this project donate and facilitate the planting of special legume trees that improve the soil and provide nutritious supplementation for goats and sheep during the dry season.